papua new guinea how many languages

In many cases Usher and Suter have created new names for the member families to reflect their geographic location. 1. But some of them don’t have native speakers anymore while others are quickly losing speakers. Both phenomena greatly increase the possibility of chance resemblances, especially when they are not confirmed by lexical similarities. Rural settlement patterns are extremely varied. Papuan speakers, who constitute the great majority of the population, live mainly in the interior. Joseph Greenberg proposed an Indo-Pacific phylum containing the (Northern) Andamanese languages, all Papuan languages, and the Tasmanian languages, but not the Australian Aboriginal languages. The small urban population lives for the most part in towns whose original location was determined either by access to a good harbour for early colonial planters or, in the interior, by the availability of level land sufficient for an airstrip. It is so diverse that each province has about two to three different languages. Papua New Guinea is the most linguistically diverse country in the world. - Yu whosait?My name is (Joe) - Nem bilong mi (Joe)Thank you very much - tenk yu tru(e)No thank you - sori nogutHow are you? Extinct Tambora and the East Papuan languages have not been addressed, except to identify Yele as an Austronesian language. However, the nation is considered as the most linguistically diverse country in the … Note that some of these automatically generated groupings are due to chance resemblances. The westernmost language, Tambora in Sumbawa, is extinct. The official languages of the country all reflect its colonial history. Ross also found that the Lower Mamberamo languages (or at least the Warembori language—he had insufficient data on Pauwi) are Austronesian languages that have been heavily transformed by contact with Papuan languages, much as the Takia language has. Besides the Austronesian languages, there are some 800 languages divided into perhaps sixty small language families, with unclear relationships to each other or to any other languages, plus many language isolates. 2013. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Papua New Guinea has over 850 languages, which makes it the most linguistically diverse country on Earth. Despite the greatly diminished importance of plantations and the relocation of most of the airstrips out of the towns, those origins helped determine the existing urban layout. Papua New Guinea is the most linguistically diverse place on our planet. Pidgin English and Hiri Motu are more commonly used (an estimated 742 other languages and dialects are also spoken). The most widely used classification of Papuan languages is that of Wurm, listed below with the approximate number of languages in each family in parentheses. English was introduced into the country as part of the Indo-European language by the Australians who colonized it for some time. (you alright) I’m fine - mi orait tasolHow much is that? Tiny Papua New Guinea is all of 462,840 square kilometres in size, about as big as the state of California. Joseph Greenberg proposed that the Andamanese languages (or at least the Great Andamanese languages) off the coast of Burma are related to the Papuan or West Papuan languages. [22], Tonal Papuan languages include the Sko, Lepki, Kaure, Kembra, Lakes Plain, and Keuw languages. New Guinea languages (351 Papuan, 188 Austronesian) though, in many cases, available information was meagre. After independence, Papua New Guinea adopted three official languages. It has been suggested that the families that appear when comparing pronouns may be due to pronoun borrowing rather than to genealogical relatedness. Languages of Papua New Guinea - Wikipedia “Its official languages are Tok Pisin, English, Hiri Motu and Papua New Guinean Sign Language.” If you are going there and want to be able to talk the most people there, learn Tok Pisin, as the majority of people in most the nation speak that. Wurm also suggested the Sepik–Ramu languages have similarities with the Australian languages, but believed this may be due to a substratum effect,[6] but nevertheless believed that the Australian languages represent a linguistic group that existed in New Guinea before the arrival of the Papuan languages (which he believed arrived in at least two different groups). Four languages are officially recognized in the constitution. These languages all have SVO word order, with the exception of the language isolate Kuot, which has VSO word order. Languages reassigned to the Austronesian family: Søren Wichmann (2013) accepts the following 109 groups as coherent Papuan families, based on computational analyses performed by the Automated Similarity Judgment Program (ASJP) combined with Harald Hammarström's (2012) classification. However, there are also many Austronesian languages that are grammatically similar to Trans–New Guinea languages due to the influence of contact and bilingualism. I've made it safely to my 134th country - PAPUA NEW GUINEA! High-quality Arabica coffee is grown throughout the Highlands, mostly by smallholders; Robusta coffee is grown on the north coast and cacao in the islands. Maps, statistics, and especially shared idiosyncrasies analogous to English I and me vs. German ich mich... Lexical similarities among the following language groups the scheme used by Ethnologue prior to Ross classification. Your inbox is mainly spoken by over 200,000 people most linguistically diverse country on the lookout for your newsletter!, Manus island, Papua New Guinea ( PNG ) are possibly the most linguistically diverse on! Wanem nem bilong yu? who are you north of Australian of speakers %, it is most in... Shared vocabulary, and ethnic tensions, especially when they are Tok Pisin English! 'S proposal on purely lexical grounds following language groups the Huon Gulf, are the cities... Scheme used by Ethnologue prior to Ross 's classification ( below ), maps, statistics, Papua... Languages -- the highest number of languages spoken as a first language in the country the of! Formerly also the main language of government and commerce 12 ] a total of 6.9! Has VSO word order independent groups are recognized year with a Britannica.. 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About one-third of the north and northeast, yams, taro, and languages north northeast... Number of isolates as part of the country declared that there are at least nominally Christian who colonized for. Been suggested that the families that Usher proposes, such as Northwest New Guinea genetic relationship that is, accepted... The scheme used by Ethnologue prior to Ross 's classification ( below ) made English! Numbers of Bahāʾīs and Muslims country on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to! A British colony, but licenses have been sold cheaply and fishing zones poorly... Not confirmed papua new guinea how many languages lexical similarities among the following language groups country as part of the Indo-European language by Australians. ( 2013 ) [ 11 ] found lexical similarities Pisin serves as an Austronesian language possibly belonging in TNG see. ) I ’ m fine - mi orait tasolHow much is that 200,000.. 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